Orthopedic Doctors: All About Knee Problems

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According to orthopedic doctors, the knee is one of the body parts that develops problems. The problems are because the knee carries most of the body weight. It also tends to be always in motion.

Common knee problems

The knee problems are due to two reasons: diseases and injury. The most common knee problems are:

Arthritis: There are over 100 types of arthritis that have the ability to affect the knees in one way or another. The most common types include: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid, gout, psoriatic and reactive. All of these conditions affect the knees in one way or the other although their symptoms differ depending on their types. For example, you will have a swollen knee when suffering from gout, rheumatoid arthritis, or other inflammatory conditions. If suffering from other types of arthritis, you can have a painful or still knee.

Chondromalacia: Also known as chondromalacia patellae, this condition is characterized by the softening and breaking down of the articular cartilage in the kneecap. The condition is common in young adults, and it comes about due to injury, overuse, muscle weakness, or misalignment of the patella. The most common symptom of the condition is dull pain around or under the kneecap. The pain worsens as you walk down hills or stairs.

Meniscal injuries: These come about when you rotate the knee with a lot of force while bearing weight. A total or partial tear can result from the damage. If the tear is tiny, the meniscus stays connected to the back and front of the knee, but if it’s large, the meniscus can be left hanging by the cartilage.

When you are suffering from the condition, you feel pain when you straighten the knee. It’s also common to experience some inflammation and swelling on the knee.

Cruciate ligament injuries: Also known as sprains, this condition is characterized by the lack of pain in the knee, but the knee is unable to support your weight. The injuries result when the anterior cruciate ligament is stretched too much until it tears. When you are suffering from this condition, you might hear a popping sound when standing. It’s also common for the leg to buckle when standing.

What to do when suffering from knee problems

Regardless of how minor you think your knee problem is, you should visit your knee injury doctor and let him/her inspect the problem and recommend the best method of fixing it. The fixation not only relieves you from the pain, but it also prevents the condition from getting worse.

Orthopedic Surgeons: Diet Changes You Need To Make To Maintain Healthy Bones

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To most people, the bone is simply a dead calcium block. There is nothing far from the truth than this. The bone is as alive as your eye or any other part of your body and what you eat has a significant effect on the quality of your bones. To help you out, here are diet changes recommended by orthopedic doctors that you should make to maintain healthy bones:

Go slow on salt

Food without salt is tasteless, but this doesn’t mean that you should use plenty of it. If you didn’t know, salt gets rid of calcium from your body through urine. This means that when you take plenty of it, you flush lots of the calcium and this can see you flushing out even the little that might be in your bones. To maintain good bone health, reduce your salt intake.

Avoid a lot of soda

Soda is sweet, and most people take several of them. While this is the case, you should avoid ingesting many sodas as orthopedic surgeons have found that sodas contain high levels of phosphorus that prevent proper absorption of magnesium that is paramount for the building of strong bones. A lot of soda also reduce the absorption of calcium.

Cut coffee down

Coffee is an excellent stimulant, but you should be cautious of the amount you consume. According to experts, you should take a maximum of four cups of the stimulant. Taking more than this amount interferes with calcium absorption which as know is paramount for healthy bones. If you feel that you have to take a stimulant, take tea instead.

Go slow on chocolates

Chocolates contain plenty of sugar and oxalate that orthopedic experts have shown to hinder proper absorption of calcium. To maintain healthy bones, limit the amount of chocolate that you take.

Less alcohol is better

Alcohol is a significant bone enemy. According to experts, drinking more than 3 ounces of alcohol every day hinders proper calcium absorption from the intestines. Alcohol has also been found to affect the liver thus preventing proper functioning of vitamin D. As a result of this, and you have weak bones.


These are some of the dietary changes you need to make to protect your bones from getting weak. Even by taking the best foods, it’s common for the bones to develop problems either after a fall or accident. When this happens, visit your local orthopedic doctors and have them inspect the extent of the damage.

Orthopedic Doctors: Taking A Look At The Common Gym Injuries

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Working out not only makes you healthy, but it also makes you more attractive and confident. Unfortunately, orthopedic doctors report that there are plenty of gym injuries that you stand to experience if you aren’t careful. Some of these injuries include:

Lower back injuries

Also known as the core, the lower back is one of the parts that you move the most when you are training. This puts it at more risk of getting injured. The lower back can be injured when you suffer a strain, sprain, or impact on tight muscles. When you injure the back, you experience a lot of pain, and the area becomes weak. As a result, you are unable to function optimally.

To avoid this injury, you should be cautious of your posture when training. When lifting weights, always lift with your legs instead of your spin. Before you lift any heavy loads, squeeze the glutes and brace the core.

Knee injuries

The knee is held in place by the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). When its hurt, the knee joint becomes weak and unstable. To avoid ACL injuries, ensure that you are strong enough in the thighs and hips. You can build strength in these areas by doing lunges and squats. When training, avoid looking down as this can shift your weight forward resulting in injury.

Pectoral injury

The pectoral muscles are the large muscles of the chest wall. When you are lifting the intense weight, it’s common for the pectoralis major to tear. This is the muscle that attaches to the humerus. To avoid this injury, adopt the right posture when doing the bench press. You should keep the chest up and ensure that it doesn’t cave into the ribcage.

Tennis elbow

While it’s known as a tennis elbow, it isn’t limited to tennis players only. You can have the injury as long as you are doing repetitive tasks. The injury comes about when you put unwanted strain on the forearm tendons. To prevent the injury, build up the strength of the forearm by doing exercises such as the deadlift, shrugs, and bend over rows.


These are some of the injuries that you can have in the gym. When you experience any of the injuries, visit your local orthopedic doctors for inspection regardless of how minor you think the injury is. Remember that even a minor injury can result in complications that can prevent you from going to the gym.

Orthopedic Doctors: What You Should Know About Shoulder Injuries

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Injuries to the shoulder can cause excruciating pain, but that’s not the worst part. These injuries can stop you from performing your everyday tasks. Imagine not being able to use your upper body with pain and great difficulty. Life slows down, and you might find yourself paying expensive yet regulars visits to the orthopedic doctors. The causes of shoulder injury are either our sports/athletic or everyday activities.

How to tell you have an injury in your shoulder

  • Stiff shoulders: You might find that you are unable to move your shoulder freely.
  • Feeling of out of place: If your shoulder feels dislocated or unstable, then you most likely have an injury.
  • Weakness in your shoulder: Difficulty in moving that part of your body is an indication.

Types of should injuries

Rotator Cuff injuries: There are four rotator cuffs in the shoulders. Rotators are small muscles that are responsible for the ease in moving the shoulders around. When one or more of these cuff gets injured, then pain and inability to rotate your shoulder is the following result.

Your rotator cuff gets injured by: Significant damage to the shoulder. Excessive activity involving the shoulders can lead to this type of harm, and gradual deterioration of the tendon. This is caused by bone spurs in the bones causing irritation and injury to the muscle tissue. To avoid this injury, you should undertake the proper exercise. Before a vigorous exercise, try to warm up and do some stretching.

Dislocated Shoulder: A fall, engaging in a contact sport and fighting can result in a dislocated shoulder. This type of injury is severe and extremely painful. To avoid the damage you need to exercise to develop and keeping your shoulder’s strong. If you play contacts sports, take care to secure yourself with good protective gears. Also, avoid falling or engaging in combat/fights

Frozen Shoulder: This injury is characterized by the inability to move the joint of the shoulder. It is known to only affect one shoulder at a time and has three phases. This phase goes on for two to nine months.


This is what you need to know about shoulder injuries. To lead a productive life, you should prevent the injuries from happening in the first place. If you have already been injured, visit your local orthopedic doctors as soon as possible so that you can have the condition analyzed and be recommended the best treatment method.

Orthopedic Doctors: Taking A Look At The Common Hip Joint Problems

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A Hip joint comprises of a ball-socket joint that provides the femur with a 360-degree movement as well as supporting the upper body. Hip joint problems commonly manifest themselves through pain around the hip and the groin region; sometimes the pain can also be registered at the lower back. Abnormalities in the muscles or skeletal bone structures trigger problems of the hip joint, such as injuries, infections, or bone growth problems.

 Common Hip Joint Problems

High fractures: According to orthopedic doctors, fractures and injuries are the most common types of hip problems. They can befall anyone in cases of accidents or severe injuries to the hipbone, the injury may lead to a complete fracturing of the hip bone and thus require a hip-joint replacement procedure. Home accidental falls by the old folks attribute to several hip fractures or dislocations.

Osteoarthritis: The other problem is infections to the hip joint, in this case, we look at Osteoarthritis. This is a condition that can attack all body joints and characterized by degeneration of the joint working mechanisms leading to inflammation and painful joints. At the hip joint osteoarthritis causes the supporting ligaments to wear out, and movement of the joint is impaired.

Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis is another common hip joint problem. The problem affects those of advanced age and women mainly. This is because the condition culminates from loss of calcium in the bones thus compromising the bone structures. When Osteoporosis attacks the hip bone, weakening the joint and its primary support purpose is affected.

Inflammation: Two areas that tend to get inflamed are tendons and bursa. The tendons join the muscles to the hip bones while bursa contains a fluid that reduces friction during movements. Inflammation of either of these structures is usually due to prolonged use of the joint like when running.

Cancer:  Bone cancer is also a common hip joint problem and is susceptible to all individuals regardless of age or race. Cancer cells tend to have uncontrolled growth and therefore can quickly attack any tissue in the body like bone, hence affecting the hip joint.


Most common hip joint problems can be eradicated through proper diets such as calcium supplements for healthy bone and joint formation and exercises. In cases of accidents and unexplained pain, medical checkups and bone imaging are encouraged to avoid continued damage to the hip joint. When you have any injury regardless of how minor it is, visit your local orthopedic doctors and ask them to have a check.

Orthopedic Doctors: Taking A Look At The Different Types Of Bone Tumors

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Just like any other part of the body, the bone is prone to cancer. According to orthopedic doctors, there are two main types of bone tumors that you can suffer from: malignant and benign. While benign tumors aren’t cancerous and don’t spread to other parts of the body, they can be fatal if left untreated. The risk comes in when they outgrow and compress the healthy bone tissues. Malignant tumors, on the other hand, are likely to spread to the other parts of the body thus putting you at the risk of developing cancer to the other body parts.

Benign tumor

There are many types of these tumors with the most common being:

Osteochondromas: According to the American Academy of orthopedic surgeons, they are the most common types of malignant tumors you will come across. They account for 35-40% of all benign cases and are often found in teenagers and adolescents.

The tumors are active in actively growing ends of long bones such as arm and leg bones. In most cases, they affect the femur, humerus, and tibia. You can suffer from a single osteochondroma or several of them.

Enchondroma: An enchondroma is a cartilage cyst that grows inside the bone marrow. The condition begins in children, but it persists when you become an adult. Enchondromas often occur in hands and feet, but it’s not rare to find them in long bones of the arm and thigh.

Aneurysmal bone cyst: This is an abnormality of the blood vessels that begins in the bone marrow. It grows rapidly where it causes damage to the growth plates.

Malignant bone tumors

As mentioned, malignant tumors are those that spread to the other parts of the body putting you at the risk of developing cancer in the other parts of your body. The different types of malignant tumors include:

Osteosarcoma: Also known as estrogenic Sarcoma, Osteosarcoma is common in children and adolescents where it occurs in the hip, knee, and shoulder. The tumor grows rapidly and spreads fast to the other parts of the body.

Multiple myelomas: This one is common in adults where it often affects the bone marrow.


These are some of the most common types of bone cancers that you need to know about. If you suspect you might be suffering from any of the conditions, you should visit your local orthopedic doctors for diagnosis and treatment. Some of the treatment options you have include: therapy and surgery.

Understanding Artificial Disc Replacement

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Artificial Disc Replacement or Total disc replacement surgery is a procedure in which intervertebral disc in the spinal column that has degenerated or in other words, the painful disc is replaced with an artificial device in the lower back, which is also known as ‘lumbar spine’ or the neck, known as ‘cervical spine’.

Benefits of the procedure

The procedure is used to treat severe lower back pain, which is chronic in nature and cervical pain that usually arises due to natural breakdown of the intervertebral disc of the spine.

A patient suffering from incessant low back pain is given an option for back surgery to restore his / her ability to function, if for a minimum of 6 months, non-surgical i.e. aggressive conservative treatment has failed to help, and especially if other symptoms and the pain are making it difficult to go about doing one’s day-to-day activities.

The design of artificial discs is done with the goal of mimicking the function and the form of the spine’s natural disc. A typical intervertebral replacement disc, made of titanium, looks like this:

Types of back surgery

For patients in this situation, there are two types of back surgery available, namely:

  • Spinal fusion
  • Artificial disc replacement (ADR)

With artificial disc replacement, a relief from the pain is brought by having the painful disc removed and having the motion maintained with the use of a prosthetic implant made of metal (which is without or with the plastic bearing surface).

During the procedure:

  • The patient is placed under general anesthesia.
  • A team of surgeons – usually a vascular, neurosurgeon or orthopedic surgeon, will have the procedure performed together.
  • An incision would be made in the patient’s abdomen.
  • The blood vessels and the organs are moved to the side to have access to the spine.
  • The damaged discs are removed.
  • The new artificial disc is put in place.
  • The incision is then closed, and the patient is then wheeled into a recovery suite for monitoring carefully.

After the procedure

After the procedure, you will be discharged after 2 to 4 days because this type of surgery does not require bones to heal. The recovery period in most cases would be faster than other back surgeries. You are highly encouraged to stand and to walk within the first day after the surgery. The overall recovery, however, may take from a few weeks to a few months. To have an easy time and get perfect results after the surgery, you should work with prominent orthopedic doctors.

All About Elbow Injuries

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A healthy elbow is of prime importance as it helps in the swift movement of your hand and forearm. Pain or discomfort in the elbow can be caused by various kinds of injuries or specific conditions. Elbow injuries can occur in elbow tendons and ligaments. In some cases, they radiate through the lower or upper arm. Often, the injuries heal on their own after adequate rest or simple self-help methods. While this is the case, it’s important that you visit your doctor at the right time as sometimes the injuries can get complicated.

Visiting an elbow doctor

To help you out, here are some pointers to help you decide when to see an elbow doctor depending on the severity of the condition.

Emergency Conditions: If you happen to see the following conditions, it is important to seek emergency care:
1. A protruding bone or deformity after an injury.
2. If you think you have fractured your elbow following an injury or after twisting your arm

Serious Conditions: If you come across any of the symptoms given, it is advised to call your doctor right away:
1. Severe pain, bruising or swelling around the areas of the elbow joint.
2. Difficulty in moving or extending your arm
3. Inability to turn your forearm up and down

Others: You should schedule an appointment with an elbow doctor when:
1. You have prolonged or continuous pain which doesn’t subside after enough rest or care at home
2. A feeling of weakness or numbness in your arm.
3. Pain when you are resting your arm
4. Increasing pain or redness or swelling in an area that is injured.

Say yes to healthy elbows

The above pointers will help you in taking decisions on when to visit an elbow doctor. If pain persists even after taking adequate self-care at home, it is always advised to visit an expert depending on the severity of the pain and discomfort.


You should note that no two orthopedic doctors are the same; therefore, when you are looking for a professional to fix your elbow condition you should work with the most reputable. Before you settle on the professional, take your time to research him/her and ensure that he/she has the necessary education background. The doctor should also be experienced enough. If you have a complicated injury that requires surgery, ensure that the professional has undertaken some successful surgeries before.

All About Tennis Elbow And Tennis Elbow Treatment

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Tennis elbow is one of the most common elbow injuries that many people suffer from. It’s brought about by engaging in repetitive activities and its one of the injuries that ‘s hard to treat.

Myths about tennis elbow injury

Due to the popularity of the injury, there are many myths associated with it. Some of these myths include:

Only affects tennis players: This is very untrue. Studies by orthopedic surgeons show that up to 95% of all reported tennis elbow cases aren’t found in tennis players.

Once affected you have to stop your hobbies: Being injured doesn’t mean that you have to stop your activities or hobbies. You can continue engaging in your daily activities, but you should keep it light. Also, get a proven tennis elbow treatment program as soon as possible.

You have to seek medical treatment to fix the condition: While it’s true that a doctor’s knowledge is necessary for your healing, you don’t need him/her. According to professionals, there are plenty of home methods that you can use to fix the condition.

Elbow braces will help in curing the condition: Due to their tendency to hold the joint, many people believe that the braces will assist in healing the condition. Far from this. In fact, studies by elbow joint experts show that the braces weaken the muscles and tendons and continued use of them leads to further damage.

Cortisone injections will help with healing: There is nothing as wrong as this. While the injections might reduce the pain and inflammation, they tend to promote slow tendon and muscle healing. They also cause tendon weakening and cell death. Continued use of the product makes it difficult for you to regain full strength in the damaged tendons and muscle.

Tips on how to beat tennis elbow

There are many ways in which you can overcome the condition. Some of these ways include:

Stretching exercises: Since the situation comes about when the forearm muscles get too tight causing tension in the tendons and bony attachments, you should reduce the stress by engaging in simple stretching exercises that will loosen the forearm.

Platelet injections: Platelet injections have been found to be a more effective treatment option for tennis elbow than any other. According to orthopedic doctors, the treatment option is up to 84% more efficient than any other.


This is what you need to know about tennis elbow. While you can treat the condition without visiting a doctor, it’s always wise that you visit your local orthopedic doctors first before you seek any treatment. This is to verify the extensiveness of the condition.

Orthopedic Doctors: What You Should Know About Back Surgery

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Back surgery is one of the most common surgeries that orthopedic surgeons come across. The procedure aids in correcting painful spinal deformities such as: scoliosis, spondylolisthesis, and kyphosis. Doctors also report that the procedure is highly effective in relieving nerve compression resulting from a number of causes including: bone spurs, spinal stenosis, and ruptured discs.

When to undertake back surgery

If you have been suffering from back problems, there are many ways of fixing them. You can use painkillers, therapy or any other method that works for you. Doctors often avoid recommending surgery unless it’s necessary. In most cases, they recommend the procedure when all the other treatment options have failed.  Some of the instances when you have to go under the knife include:

  • Back pain that has lasted for over six months and doesn’t go away even after taking medications.
  • Weakness in the arms or legs, numbness in the legs and feet, and trouble grasping things
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Compromised spinal stability

When you have these conditions, you should visit your orthopedic doctors so that you can have the procedure. For a great experience, ensure that the procedure is undertaken by a certified and reputable professional.

Tips on how to speed up your recovery

After you have undergone through surgery, you need to do some things for you to speed up your recovery. Some of these things include:

Consuming adequate protein: You know that proteins are the building blocks of the body thus come in handy in repairing the damaged body tissues. You should take protein-rich foods such as eggs, meat, and others. In addition to the proteins helping in building the body, they also have antibodies that aid in fighting infections.

Get enough sleep: Sleep might seem like a simple thing, but it’s highly beneficial. Adequate sleep not only aids in rejuvenating the body, but it also helps your mood, memory, and motivation. For ideal results, you should sleep at least 8 hours a day.

Hydrate your body: This just means taking plenty of water. You should note that taking sodas, tea, and coffee doesn’t equate to hydration. Water cleans out your system thus creating a positive environment for healing.


This is what you should know when you are suffering from back pain. If you have been having the condition for long, you should visit your local orthopedic doctors who will recommend the best treatment method.