Taking A Look At Common Orthopedic Surgeries And When To See Orthopedic Doctors

orthopedic doctors

Orthopedic doctors diagnose and treat a wide range of musculoskeletal problems including ruptures, fractures, and sprains.

Common orthopedic surgeries

While the doctors handle a wide range of conditions, there are some conditions that are more common than others. The most common include:

Spine surgery: You can undertake spinal surgery due to different reasons the most common being a severe back pain. After the surgery, the pain will be gone and you will be able to move better and be productive in your life.

Total shoulder replacement: From its name, this surgery is done on your shoulders. During the surgery, the doctors replace the damaged parts of the bone and cartilage with plastic or metal. After the surgery, your range of motion greatly improves.

Total joint replacement surgery: Joint experts recommend this surgery to the people that have had severe arthritis. After surgery and recovery, you experience less pain and you resume your daily duties. Just like in total shoulder replacement surgery, the surgeon replaces the damaged parts of your joints and replaces them with plastic or metal parts. To enable normal movement, the parts are shaped just like the natural parts.

ACL reconstruction: ACL is an acronym for anterior cruciate ligament which is one of the major ligaments that stabilizes the knee movements. When it ruptures, you should reconstruct it. During reconstruction, the doctors use their own tissues or get tissues from donors. The newly reconstructed ligament is secured in place using screws and other devices.

When to see an orthopedic doctor

While many people know that they should see an orthopedic doctor when they are suffering from orthopedic problems, most of them don’t know the right time that they should see the professional. The right time to see a professional include when you are having:

  • Difficulty straightening your spine
  • Swelling or bruising around a given joint in your body
  • Prolonged discomfort in the muscles, tendons, and joints
  • Musculoskeletal deformity

The earlier you visit your doctor, the better, as the doctor will have an easy time diagnosing and treating the condition. The doctor can treat the condition in different ways depending on the problem you are suffering from. If the condition is minor, the doctor may recommend painkillers. The doctor may also recommend that you undertake therapy. If your condition is at advanced stages the orthopedic surgeons may recommend that you undergo surgery. When hiring a surgeon, ensure that you work with a certified and experienced professional.

Understanding Shoulder Surgery

shoulder surgery

Shoulder surgery is one of the most common procedures that orthopedic surgeons come across. It’s recommended that you undertake the procedure when you have tried all of the other shoulder treatment options without success. There are many types of shoulder surgeries that you can undertake depending on the condition you are suffering from. The most common surgeries are:

Rotator cuff surgery

It’s probably the most common surgery that you will come across. From its name, you undergo this procedure after you have torn your rotator cuff. Depending on how severe the tear is, your doctor may recommend that you undertake any of these procedures:

Open repair: It’s recommended that you undertake this procedure when you have torn large muscles. It’s also recommended that you go for the options if you have fully detached your shoulder muscle. During the procedure, the orthopedic doctors remove the bone spurs and undertake additional reconstruction.

All-arthroscopic repair: This is a less invasive procedure that involves the surgeon inserting a small camera into your shoulder and making small incisions. Since it’s less invasive, it can be done on an outpatient basis.

Mini-open repair: Here the surgeon uses a 3-5 centimeter incision with the guidance of an arthroscope and removes bone spurs. After the procedure, the surgeon repairs the cuff via an incision while viewing sutures directly without the help of the camera.

Arthroscopic subscapularis repair

This procedure is usually recommended when you are suffering from rotator cuff tears that bring about pain on the front and sides of the upper shoulder and arm. The orthopedic doctor undertakes the procedure in order to remove the loose, frayed or damaged tissues from the healthy tissue. The doctor also removes the cuff edge to a normal position without putting in a lot of tension or pressure. Once the procedure is over, the doctor fixes the cuff using suture anchors which are often attached to the bone.

When you undertake the procedure, it will take you up to five months for you to recover. You should note that you have to undertake physical therapy in order to regain movement and power.

Total shoulder replacement

Total shoulder replacement is recommended when all the other shoulder treatment options have failed. There are a number of replacement procedures that you can undertake. The most common being: resurfacing hemiarthroplasty, stemmed hemiarthroplasty, and reverse total shoulder replacement.


Surgery is often recommended as the last resort. To avoid complications, you should visit your local orthopedic doctors as soon as you notice a problem.

Orthopedic Doctors: Taking A Look At Treatment Options For Orthopedic Problems

orthopedic doctors

A lot of advancements have been made in the treatment of orthopedic (connective tissues, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and bones) problems. According to orthopedic doctors, there are numerous treatment options for orthopedic problems that make it possible for people to live active, pain-free long lives.

Treatment options for orthopedic problems

Below are some of these treatment options:
Physical Therapy: Physical therapy involves a set of exercises prescribed by your doctor. The exercises are meant to increase mobility and strength of muscles, tissues, and ligaments around the area where you sustained an injury. Some of the conditions that are normally treated using physical therapy include; lower back pain, shoulder instability, and arthritis. Patients who have undergone surgery are also advised undertake physical therapy as it helps in speeding up the healing process.

Corticosteroids: When patients with orthopedic problems have inflammation, the doctor may prescribe NSAIDs. If the NSAIDs are not effective in bringing the inflammation down, the doctor will prescribe corticosteroids. These are medications or injections that are stronger than NSAIDs and very effective for inflammation. They are normally given in form of injections or pills depending on how serious the situation is.

Rest: Sometimes your local orthopedic doctor might suggest that you take some rest to prevent activities that might cause additional injuries on your muscles. This gives your joints, muscles, and tendons some time to heal. In most cases, resting is recommended for conditions that are not too serious.

Nonsteroidal Drugs (NSAIDs): These are normally given to reduce joint stiffness and inflammation. There are different types of NSAIDs. You can buy one over the counter or have a prescription from a doctor. However, it is more advisable to get a prescription from a doctor. This is because they will be able to prescribe the right drugs for your condition and will keep your dosage within a reasonable level thereby preventing overdependence on the medication.

Tips to consider when dealing with orthopedic problems

When you are suffering from orthopedic problems you shouldn’t wait until it’s too late. You should note that the more you stay for long without seeking treatment the more you risk the condition getting worse and complicated. The best way of going about it is visiting your local orthopedic clinic as soon as you develop a condition. In the clinic, the orthopedic surgeons will advise you on whether you should undertake surgery, take medications, or undergo therapy.

Orthopedic Doctors: Putting A Lens On Bone Joint Problems

orthopedic doctors

Where two bones come together, you have a bone joint. The joints are all over your body including the hip, elbow, shoulder, knee, and spine. Orthopedic doctors report that just like any other part of your bones, your bone joints can develop problems.

Common bone joint problems

There are a number of joint conditions that many people you tend to suffer from. These conditions include:

Arthritis: It’s the most common. In layman’s language, arthritis is the inflammation of the joints. It’s brought about by the wearing down of the cartilage surrounding the bones and joints. When you are suffering from this condition you experience pain and stiffness in the affected joints. If you don’t see a doctor early enough the joints might be severely damaged.

Bursitis: The condition affects the bursae (fluid-filled sacs) that cushion the tendons, bones, and muscles close to the joints. The condition comes up when the sacs get inflamed. According to experts, this problem is common in the shoulder, hip and elbow joints. When you are suffering from the condition you tend to feel achy or stiff. It’s also common to look swollen and red. When you move or press the area you might feel some pain.

You should consider seeing an expert if you are suffering from disabling pain, experiencing excessive swelling or shooting pain especially when you engage in exercises.

Dislocations: This is common with athletes. Here you experience injuries that force the bone ends out of their position. Due to dislocation, you experience a lot of pain.

What predisposes you to joint problems?

There are a number of factors that predispose you to the condition. They include:

Age: As you age, the synovial fluid surrounding the joints gets low. This results to the joints touching each other thus the excruciating pain. The cool thing is that there are a number of medications that you can take to increase the fluid levels in the joints. If the damage is extensive, orthopedic surgeons can undertake surgery and install artificial bone ends.

Lack of exercise: Most of the modern people are dependent on technology. Due to a lot of free time, most of the people lead sedentary lives. Due to lack of use of the muscles and bones, they weaken thus get hurt even when you encounter minimal injuries.


This is what you need to know about bone joint problems. If you are experiencing any uncomfortable pain you should visit an orthopedic and spine specialist who will diagnose the condition and recommend the best treatment method.

Orthopedic Doctors: Understanding Shoulder Injuries

shoulder injury

Due to its high mobility, it’s common for the shoulder joint to get injured. According to orthopedic doctors, people that suffer from the injuries are those that regularly reach for items at high heights. It’s also common for sportsmen and women to suffer from the injuries.

Common shoulder injuries

The most common shoulder injuries include:

Rotator cuff tears: A rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint. These muscles get injured when you undertake repetitive overhead motions either at work or in sports. Advancement in age also puts you at more risk of getting injured. When you are suffering from rotator cuff tears you experience a dull ache that originates from deep in your shoulder. In most cases, it’s accompanied by arm weakness that makes it hard for you to reach behind your back.

Shoulder instability: Also known as dislocated shoulder, this injury is common as the shoulder is one of the most mobile joints in the body. According to shoulder doctors, you are said to be suffering from a dislocated shoulder when the bone in the upper arm pops out of its socket. When you have a dislocation you suffer from tingling near the injury area. The shoulder joint also feels weak. It’s common for this injury to be accompanied by a number of complications such as labral tears or Bankart lesions.

How to prevent shoulder injuries

While the shoulder is very mobile, it doesn’t mean that you can’t avoid injuries from happening. To help you out, here are tips on how to prevent the injuries:

Maintain proper posture: Good posture is necessary when you are reaching out for items on high areas and when exercising. Of major importance, maintain great posture when undertaking the shoulder workouts.

Avoid lateral raises beyond 90 degrees: Subacromial impingement is one of the most common shoulder injuries. One of the main causes for the injury is undertaking lateral raises that are too high. When you raise your arms too high the shoulders rotate externally thus preventing impingement. If you don’t do it properly, you put your shoulders at the risk of getting damaged.


This is what you need to know about shoulder injuries. Whether you are having shoulder fractures or minor injuries you should visit a professional orthopedic surgeon and have the condition analyzed. The professional will recommend the best treatment methods that range from simple therapy to shoulder surgery.

Back Pain Specialist: Taking a Look At The Common Mistakes Made By People Suffering From Back Pain

back pain specialist

As I have mentioned before on this blog, back pain is one of the most common problems that orthopedic doctors see in their line of work. While most of the back pain problems are fixable, most people make a number of problems that worsen the condition. These mistakes include:

Waiting for too long before seeing an orthopedic

When many people experience back pain, the first thing they do is to rush to the nearest drug store and buy painkillers. While this relieves the pain, if the injury is large you will experience the pain once the drugs have stopped working. Although the pain might go away after the injury has healed, sometimes it doesn’t which is usually catastrophic as you might be required to undergo surgery to fix the condition.

To be on the safe side, you should visit an orthopedic clinic as soon as you have an injury. This is to make it easy for doctors to fix the condition before it gets worse. As rule of thumb, you should never stay for more than 3 months with back pain without seeing a doctor.

Relying on your regular doctor

While your regular doctor might have some information on how to manage the condition, he/she isn’t an expert. Due to this, he/she might not give you the right diagnosis especially if the condition is complex. When you are experiencing back pain, you should visit a back pain professional who will not only accurately diagnose the condition, but also provide you with the best treatment.

Undertaking spine surgery too soon

It’s common for people that have been suffering from back pain for long to want the pain to go away once and for all. Spinal surgery experts advise that if you have been suffering from back pain for a long time the best way of fixing the problem is undergoing surgery. While this is the case, you shouldn’t undergo the surgery too quickly. You should first try out the non-surgical treatment options such as taking medications before you opt for surgery. While the surgery will fix the pain resulting from a pressed nerve, herniated disc or degenerative disc disease, it often takes time to heal. It’s also expensive.


These are some of the major mistakes made by people suffering from back pain. The key to avoiding the mistakes is visiting your orthopedic and spine specialist as soon as you have an injury.

Back Pain Specialist: Taking A Look At Chronic Back Pain

back pain specialist

Back pain is one of the most common problems that orthopedic doctors come across. While some people seek treatment for the condition as soon as they have it, others ignore and go on years suffering from it. Others take the medications but the pain doesn’t go away which brings about many problems.

Problems that come with chronic back pain

The obvious problem is that you don’t lead a normal life when you are suffering from chronic back pain. You can’t swim, lift heavy objects, or engage in any activities that require you to use your back. This can be frustrating as you may have to rely on other people to do things for you.

Another problem that comes with chronic back pain is the constant worry of what can happen to you. This is common when you experience more pain that you are used to. You also tend to be stressed of the regular medications that you have to take to suppress the pain. The worry not only affects you when you are alone at home, it also affects your productivity at work and business. As a consequence, you have reduced output that can see you getting fired or even losing your business.

What to do when you are suffering from back pain

Regardless of how minor your back pain is, you should visit a back pain specialist as soon as possible. Whether you were injured in sports or after being involved in an accident, you should get the advice of a specialist. All you need to do is visit an orthopedic clinic near you and have the condition inspected and the doctor will recommend the best way of treating it.

Back pain treatment options

There are plenty of back pain treatment options that you can go with when you are suffering from the condition. If the damage is minor, the doctor may recommend that you undertake massage therapy. In addition to this option reducing the pain, it also reduces depression that is common when you are suffering from any pain.

In some cases, the chronic pain is a result of vitamin deficiencies. The doctor may recommend that you take fish, milk and bask regularly under the sun in order to get as much vitamin D as possible. When everything else fails, the doctor may recommend surgery. Here the orthopedic surgeons undertake spinal surgery to fix the problem. In some cases, they may have to replace the problematic spinal discs.

Back Pain Specialist: What You Need To Know About Back Pain

back pain specialist

Back pain is one of the most common problems that orthopedic doctors deal with. According to the doctors, 8 in every 10 people suffer from the pain at a certain point of their life.

Predisposing factors for back pain

There are many factors that predispose you to the condition. Some of these factors include:

Age: The older you get the more you are at higher risk of suffering back pain. The reason for this is because the bones and muscles get weak with age. This means that the older you get the more you are at risk of developing the condition.

Physical fitness: While studies show that anyone, regardless of the physical fitness is at risk of suffering from back pain, people that lead sedentary lifestyles are at more risk of developing the condition. Physically fit people engage in swimming, walking, jogging, riding and other activities that strengthen the back muscles and provide you with body balance. This plays a vital role in relieving back pain.

Diet: It’s often said that you are what you eat. While calories are important in providing you with energy, you should avoid eating a lot of them as they result to high body weight that adds stress to the body organs. Due to the extra weight, the body muscles get weak and as a result, you have back pain. To be on the safe side you should regularly take plant-based diets that not only help you to maintain a good body weight, but also aid in strengthening the bones and muscles.

Smoking: According to orthopedic and spine specialists, smoking increases your chances of developing spinal disorders. As a smoker, you experience deteriorating bone strength and functionality which puts you at more risk of developing osteoporosis.

Back pain treatment options

If you suffer from back pain there are many ways you can treat the condition. The most common way is taking medications. There are plenty of medications such as oral steroids, muscle relaxants, anti-depressants, and NSAIDs that you can take to relieve the condition. Massage therapies are also highly effective where they improve blood flow, reduce muscle tension, and reduce muscle stiffness. You should visit a reputable massage therapist for a number of times for you to see results.

If you have tried every other treatment method without success, the back pain specialist has no other way out other than to undertake spinal surgery.

Orthopedic Doctors: Understanding Shoulder Problems

orthopedic doctors

Men, women, and children are all at the risk of developing shoulder problems. According to orthopedic doctors, the shoulder problems are brought about by the breakdown of soft tissues in the shoulder area. It’s also common to develop the problems with age. Depending on the area and extent of damage, you can feel the pain in only one spot, in one area, or down your entire arm.

Signs of shoulder problems

Luckily, there are many symptoms you can look out for to tell whether you are suffering from a shoulder problem. Some of these symptoms include:

Pain: This is probably the most common symptom. Depending on the injured area, you can have pain in one or in a large area. In most cases, problems resulting from acute injuries cause injury to one area while those resulting from overuse of the joint cause pain in a large area of the shoulder.

Contusions: These are common when the problem is as a result of an acute injury. Contusions come about when small blood vessels under the skin tear or rupture as a result of a bump, fall, or twist. Due to this, blood leaks into the tissues under the skin causing black-and-blue color.

Inflammation: Shoulder doctors report that you will experience inflammation whether the problem is due to acute injury or injury resulting from the overuse of a joint. The most common type of inflammation is tendinitis.

When to visit a shoulder specialist

You can successfully treat some of the shoulder problems at home but there are some situations when you have to visit a doctor. One of the situations is when you are experiencing severe pain around your shoulder and you are unable to move your shoulder. You should also visit a doctor if you are having feelings of “pins and needles” in your shoulder. If you are an athlete and you are unable to engage in your regular daily activities for 3 days, you should consider seeing an expert. Finally, visit a clinic if you can hear a “pop” or “crack” in your shoulder joint area.

Shoulder treatment options

The treatment options depend on how badly your shoulder is damaged. If you have a minor injury, the orthopedic surgeons may recommend that you rest at home for a few days and the pain will go away. On the other hand, if the damage is extensive, the doctors may recommend that you undertake shoulder surgery.

Unraveling Knee Pain And Knee Pain Treatment

knee pain treatment

According to orthopedic doctors, anyone can suffer from knee pain and the pain can be located anywhere depending on the involved structure. If you are having an infection or inflammation, the entire knee might be painful or swollen but if you are having a fracture or torn area, the pain will be localized. In addition to pain, other symptoms you will have include: difficulty walking, limping as a result of discomfort, swelling, and redness of the area.

Causes of knee pain

Knee pain is brought by many factors. The most common are:

Sports: People active in sports tend to suffer from muscle strains, tendonitis, and other injuries to the cartilage and ligaments. The extent of damage determines the amount of pain that you feel. If the damage is severe, you have severe pain and vice versa.

Arthritis: Knee injury doctors report that 1/3 of knee related problems are as a result of arthritis. There are three main types of arthritis that you can have: rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition that results in the thickening and inflammation of tissues around the joints. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and often occurs in people over the age of 50. Other factors that predispose you to the condition include: previous injuries, infections, weight, and illness. Post-traumatic arthritis, on the other hand, comes about after a serious knee injury.

Injury to the knee ligaments: You are also bound to experience knee pain when your knee ligaments get injured. Ligaments connect the thigh bone to the lower leg bones. They keep the knee bones together keeping the knee stable. The most common problem facing the ligaments is sprains and tears that can occur in any area.

Knee pain treatment

Knee pain treatment options vary depending on the extent of the damage. The most common treatment options include:

Medications: The knee injury doctor gives you some tablets that help in relieving the pain. The medications given to you depend on the facility and the doctor prescribing them.

Injections: These are recommended when the pain is severe and resulting from arthritis and other inflammatory conditions. The doctor injects your knee with lubricants or corticosteroids that result to the pain relief.

Knee surgery: This is usually the last resort after all the other knee treatment options have failed. The orthopedic surgeons repair or replace the damaged parts of the knee getting rid of the pain. They can undertake partial or full knee joint replacement depending on the extent of the damage.