Orthopedic Doctors: Taking A Look At The Different Types Of Bone Tumors

orthopedic doctors

Just like any other part of the body, the bone is prone to cancer. According to orthopedic doctors, there are two main types of bone tumors that you can suffer from: malignant and benign. While benign tumors aren’t cancerous and don’t spread to other parts of the body, they can be fatal if left untreated. The risk comes in when they outgrow and compress the healthy bone tissues. Malignant tumors, on the other hand, are likely to spread to the other parts of the body thus putting you at the risk of developing cancer to the other body parts.

Benign tumor

There are many types of these tumors with the most common being:

Osteochondromas: According to the American Academy of orthopedic surgeons, they are the most common types of malignant tumors you will come across. They account for 35-40% of all benign cases and are often found in teenagers and adolescents.

The tumors are active in actively growing ends of long bones such as arm and leg bones. In most cases, they affect the femur, humerus, and tibia. You can suffer from a single osteochondroma or several of them.

Enchondroma: An enchondroma is a cartilage cyst that grows inside the bone marrow. The condition begins in children, but it persists when you become an adult. Enchondromas often occur in hands and feet, but it’s not rare to find them in long bones of the arm and thigh.

Aneurysmal bone cyst: This is an abnormality of the blood vessels that begins in the bone marrow. It grows rapidly where it causes damage to the growth plates.

Malignant bone tumors

As mentioned, malignant tumors are those that spread to the other parts of the body putting you at the risk of developing cancer in the other parts of your body. The different types of malignant tumors include:

Osteosarcoma: Also known as estrogenic Sarcoma, Osteosarcoma is common in children and adolescents where it occurs in the hip, knee, and shoulder. The tumor grows rapidly and spreads fast to the other parts of the body.

Multiple myelomas: This one is common in adults where it often affects the bone marrow.


These are some of the most common types of bone cancers that you need to know about. If you suspect you might be suffering from any of the conditions, you should visit your local orthopedic doctors for diagnosis and treatment. Some of the treatment options you have include: therapy and surgery.

Understanding Artificial Disc Replacement

disc replacement surgery

Artificial Disc Replacement or Total disc replacement surgery is a procedure in which intervertebral disc in the spinal column that has degenerated or in other words, the painful disc is replaced with an artificial device in the lower back, which is also known as ‘lumbar spine’ or the neck, known as ‘cervical spine’.

Benefits of the procedure

The procedure is used to treat severe lower back pain, which is chronic in nature and cervical pain that usually arises due to natural breakdown of the intervertebral disc of the spine.

A patient suffering from incessant low back pain is given an option for back surgery to restore his / her ability to function, if for a minimum of 6 months, non-surgical i.e. aggressive conservative treatment has failed to help, and especially if other symptoms and the pain are making it difficult to go about doing one’s day-to-day activities.

The design of artificial discs is done with the goal of mimicking the function and the form of the spine’s natural disc. A typical intervertebral replacement disc, made of titanium, looks like this:

Types of back surgery

For patients in this situation, there are two types of back surgery available, namely:

  • Spinal fusion
  • Artificial disc replacement (ADR)

With artificial disc replacement, a relief from the pain is brought by having the painful disc removed and having the motion maintained with the use of a prosthetic implant made of metal (which is without or with the plastic bearing surface).

During the procedure:

  • The patient is placed under general anesthesia.
  • A team of surgeons – usually a vascular, neurosurgeon or orthopedic surgeon, will have the procedure performed together.
  • An incision would be made in the patient’s abdomen.
  • The blood vessels and the organs are moved to the side to have access to the spine.
  • The damaged discs are removed.
  • The new artificial disc is put in place.
  • The incision is then closed, and the patient is then wheeled into a recovery suite for monitoring carefully.

After the procedure

After the procedure, you will be discharged after 2 to 4 days because this type of surgery does not require bones to heal. The recovery period in most cases would be faster than other back surgeries. You are highly encouraged to stand and to walk within the first day after the surgery. The overall recovery, however, may take from a few weeks to a few months. To have an easy time and get perfect results after the surgery, you should work with prominent orthopedic doctors.

All About Elbow Injuries

elbow injuries

A healthy elbow is of prime importance as it helps in the swift movement of your hand and forearm. Pain or discomfort in the elbow can be caused by various kinds of injuries or specific conditions. Elbow injuries can occur in elbow tendons and ligaments. In some cases, they radiate through the lower or upper arm. Often, the injuries heal on their own after adequate rest or simple self-help methods. While this is the case, it’s important that you visit your doctor at the right time as sometimes the injuries can get complicated.

Visiting an elbow doctor

To help you out, here are some pointers to help you decide when to see an elbow doctor depending on the severity of the condition.

Emergency Conditions: If you happen to see the following conditions, it is important to seek emergency care:
1. A protruding bone or deformity after an injury.
2. If you think you have fractured your elbow following an injury or after twisting your arm

Serious Conditions: If you come across any of the symptoms given, it is advised to call your doctor right away:
1. Severe pain, bruising or swelling around the areas of the elbow joint.
2. Difficulty in moving or extending your arm
3. Inability to turn your forearm up and down

Others: You should schedule an appointment with an elbow doctor when:
1. You have prolonged or continuous pain which doesn’t subside after enough rest or care at home
2. A feeling of weakness or numbness in your arm.
3. Pain when you are resting your arm
4. Increasing pain or redness or swelling in an area that is injured.

Say yes to healthy elbows

The above pointers will help you in taking decisions on when to visit an elbow doctor. If pain persists even after taking adequate self-care at home, it is always advised to visit an expert depending on the severity of the pain and discomfort.


You should note that no two orthopedic doctors are the same; therefore, when you are looking for a professional to fix your elbow condition you should work with the most reputable. Before you settle on the professional, take your time to research him/her and ensure that he/she has the necessary education background. The doctor should also be experienced enough. If you have a complicated injury that requires surgery, ensure that the professional has undertaken some successful surgeries before.

All About Tennis Elbow And Tennis Elbow Treatment

tennis elbow treatment

Tennis elbow is one of the most common elbow injuries that many people suffer from. It’s brought about by engaging in repetitive activities and its one of the injuries that ‘s hard to treat.

Myths about tennis elbow injury

Due to the popularity of the injury, there are many myths associated with it. Some of these myths include:

Only affects tennis players: This is very untrue. Studies by orthopedic surgeons show that up to 95% of all reported tennis elbow cases aren’t found in tennis players.

Once affected you have to stop your hobbies: Being injured doesn’t mean that you have to stop your activities or hobbies. You can continue engaging in your daily activities, but you should keep it light. Also, get a proven tennis elbow treatment program as soon as possible.

You have to seek medical treatment to fix the condition: While it’s true that a doctor’s knowledge is necessary for your healing, you don’t need him/her. According to professionals, there are plenty of home methods that you can use to fix the condition.

Elbow braces will help in curing the condition: Due to their tendency to hold the joint, many people believe that the braces will assist in healing the condition. Far from this. In fact, studies by elbow joint experts show that the braces weaken the muscles and tendons and continued use of them leads to further damage.

Cortisone injections will help with healing: There is nothing as wrong as this. While the injections might reduce the pain and inflammation, they tend to promote slow tendon and muscle healing. They also cause tendon weakening and cell death. Continued use of the product makes it difficult for you to regain full strength in the damaged tendons and muscle.

Tips on how to beat tennis elbow

There are many ways in which you can overcome the condition. Some of these ways include:

Stretching exercises: Since the situation comes about when the forearm muscles get too tight causing tension in the tendons and bony attachments, you should reduce the stress by engaging in simple stretching exercises that will loosen the forearm.

Platelet injections: Platelet injections have been found to be a more effective treatment option for tennis elbow than any other. According to orthopedic doctors, the treatment option is up to 84% more efficient than any other.


This is what you need to know about tennis elbow. While you can treat the condition without visiting a doctor, it’s always wise that you visit your local orthopedic doctors first before you seek any treatment. This is to verify the extensiveness of the condition.

Orthopedic Doctors: What You Should Know About Back Surgery

orthopedic doctors

Back surgery is one of the most common surgeries that orthopedic surgeons come across. The procedure aids in correcting painful spinal deformities such as: scoliosis, spondylolisthesis, and kyphosis. Doctors also report that the procedure is highly effective in relieving nerve compression resulting from a number of causes including: bone spurs, spinal stenosis, and ruptured discs.

When to undertake back surgery

If you have been suffering from back problems, there are many ways of fixing them. You can use painkillers, therapy or any other method that works for you. Doctors often avoid recommending surgery unless it’s necessary. In most cases, they recommend the procedure when all the other treatment options have failed.  Some of the instances when you have to go under the knife include:

  • Back pain that has lasted for over six months and doesn’t go away even after taking medications.
  • Weakness in the arms or legs, numbness in the legs and feet, and trouble grasping things
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Compromised spinal stability

When you have these conditions, you should visit your orthopedic doctors so that you can have the procedure. For a great experience, ensure that the procedure is undertaken by a certified and reputable professional.

Tips on how to speed up your recovery

After you have undergone through surgery, you need to do some things for you to speed up your recovery. Some of these things include:

Consuming adequate protein: You know that proteins are the building blocks of the body thus come in handy in repairing the damaged body tissues. You should take protein-rich foods such as eggs, meat, and others. In addition to the proteins helping in building the body, they also have antibodies that aid in fighting infections.

Get enough sleep: Sleep might seem like a simple thing, but it’s highly beneficial. Adequate sleep not only aids in rejuvenating the body, but it also helps your mood, memory, and motivation. For ideal results, you should sleep at least 8 hours a day.

Hydrate your body: This just means taking plenty of water. You should note that taking sodas, tea, and coffee doesn’t equate to hydration. Water cleans out your system thus creating a positive environment for healing.


This is what you should know when you are suffering from back pain. If you have been having the condition for long, you should visit your local orthopedic doctors who will recommend the best treatment method.

Factors To Consider When Looking For Orthopedic Doctors

orthopedic doctors

Even with the best care, it’s common for people to get injured. When you have an injury in your bones, you should get the services of orthopedic doctors. For you to find the right professional you need to consider a number of factors that include:


To be assured of the qualifications, training, and skills of the professional, you should take a look at the credentials. The doctor must have gone through school and completed the course. The professional should also be experienced and be certified by a reputable orthopedic board. During your research, you should find out whether the doctor has had any disciplinary or malpractice history. For peace of mind, work with a professional who is highly experienced and has a good medical history.

Equipment available

A good orthopedic surgeon should have the latest and most advanced orthopedic equipment. These include: x-ray, MRI machines, and many others. The equipment used should provide the best images of joints, bones, and tissue that will help the surgeon to efficiently diagnose the problems you are suffering from and fix it.


Just like in any other industry, you should work with a doctor who is easy to talk to. You should be able to ask any question freely, and the doctor will answer the questions without any problem or having the impression that you are stupid. Some surgeons feel offended when you ask a question. You shouldn’t work with them.

Area of specialization

The field of medicine is broad, and it’s almost impossible for someone to know everything. When you are looking for an orthopedic professional, you should pay close attention to the area of specialization of the professional. If you are suffering from a back pain, you should only work with a back pain specialist. As rule of thumb, you should avoid a general surgeon as he/she won’t given you personalized and expert services.


This is another crucial factor to consider. Different professionals charge different prices for their services. You should take your time to research the various experts and settle on the one that is within your budget. For an excellent service, avoid a service provider who is too cheap as you will get a poor service. Also, avoid a doctor with overpriced services as you will pay a fee that you aren’t supposed to.


These are the factors you should consider when looking for a hip surgeon or any other professional. As rule of thumb, you should work with the most experienced and reputable professional that you can afford.

What You Need To Know About Knee Joint Replacement

knee joint replacement

Although, thought as a procedure for the old, knee joint replacement is now seen in younger people, which is disturbing.

What happens when you undertake the procedure?

While the pain will go away after the procedure, there are a number of complications that come with it. One of the complications is that you lose your independence. After the surgery, you have to stay a few months for you to recover. During this time you might not be able to dress or even take yourself to the bathroom. The inability to take care of yourself can be demoralizing and even embarrassing and when you stay in this condition for a long time, your friends and even family members might walk out on you.

Another complication that can come about is you being required to stay in the recovery center. While you can stay at home and be attended to by family members, sometimes the orthopedic doctors may require that you stay in the recovery centers so that they can easily monitor your progress. This change can be disturbing bearing in mind that you have to pay to stay at the center.

Finally, the results might not be ideal especially when the procedure is done by an inexperienced orthopedic doctor. Some of the complications that might arise include: blood clots, infections, and implant problems.

What to do to avoid the procedure

Due to the complications that come about with the procedure, you should take measures to avoid going under the knife. Some of the things that you can do include:

Losing weight: The more the weight you have, the more pressure you put on your knees. To ease the pressure, you should lose weight.

Exercise the quadriceps: An Australian study showed that patients with thicker thighs experience less pain and are less likely to suffering from cartilage damage compared to their counterparts with thinner thighs. Some of the best experiences that you should engage in to strengthen your knees include: cycling, pilates, and swimming.

Injections: There are a number of injections that have been shown to not only reduce the knee pain but also add the synovial fluid thus eliminating your need to undertake the surgery. Some of the injections you should consider include: hyaluronic acid, platelet-rick plasma, and bone marrow concentration injections.


This is what you need to know about knee replacement surgery. If the damage on your knee is already extensive and you can’t reverse it, you should hire the most experienced local orthopedic doctors to undertake the procedure.

Orthopedic Doctors: Tips On How To Prevent Orthopedic Problems

orthopedic doctor

If you have had an experience with orthopedic doctors you know that they don’t come cheap. Due to this, it’s paramount that you prevent the orthopedic problems from coming about. To help you out, here are some of the things that you should do:

Improve your posture

A faulty posture results to lower back pain. While most of the lower back pain problems can be fixed using medications, sometimes you may have to undertake surgery especially if the damage is extensive. To avoid this you should assume a good posture when walking, standing, and sitting. If you sit for long hours you should take breaks after every hour in order to relieve pressure from the spinal cord.

Improve your general health

Making changes in your life will come in handy in preventing most of the orthopedic injuries. One of the changes you should make is exercising regularly. When you exercise you develop strong abdominal and back muscles that provide your back with support. Exercising also helps you to lose weight thus you don’t strain your back a lot. Another thing you should do is to eat healthily. To build strong muscles and bones you should eat plenty of high-fiber foods such as fruits, whole grains, and vegetables.

You should avoid buildup of fats in the body by decreasing the intake of saturated fats and trans fatty acids. This calls for you to avoid ice cream, butter, cream, and cheese.

Watch how you lift

According to orthopedic doctors, one of the most common orthopedic problems is back problem. If you work in an industry where you lift objects regularly, you should be cautious of how you do it. When lifting, you should always arch your lower back and maintain the lumbar curve. To give support to your back, always tighten your abdominal and back muscles. You should always bend at your hips and knees and when lifting, avoid twisting your back. For frequent and heavy lifting, consider getting lumbar support.


These are some of the ways in which you can avoid regularly visiting the orthopedic doctor. You should note that even with the best care, it’s common to be injured during sports. When this happens you should see a doctor who will recommend the best medication. If the injury is extensive, the professional may recommend spinal surgery or any other type of surgery. For peace of mind, ensure that the doctor you work with is reputable and highly experience.

Taking A Look At Common Orthopedic Surgeries And When To See Orthopedic Doctors

orthopedic doctors

Orthopedic doctors diagnose and treat a wide range of musculoskeletal problems including ruptures, fractures, and sprains.

Common orthopedic surgeries

While the doctors handle a wide range of conditions, there are some conditions that are more common than others. The most common include:

Spine surgery: You can undertake spinal surgery due to different reasons the most common being a severe back pain. After the surgery, the pain will be gone and you will be able to move better and be productive in your life.

Total shoulder replacement: From its name, this surgery is done on your shoulders. During the surgery, the doctors replace the damaged parts of the bone and cartilage with plastic or metal. After the surgery, your range of motion greatly improves.

Total joint replacement surgery: Joint experts recommend this surgery to the people that have had severe arthritis. After surgery and recovery, you experience less pain and you resume your daily duties. Just like in total shoulder replacement surgery, the surgeon replaces the damaged parts of your joints and replaces them with plastic or metal parts. To enable normal movement, the parts are shaped just like the natural parts.

ACL reconstruction: ACL is an acronym for anterior cruciate ligament which is one of the major ligaments that stabilizes the knee movements. When it ruptures, you should reconstruct it. During reconstruction, the doctors use their own tissues or get tissues from donors. The newly reconstructed ligament is secured in place using screws and other devices.

When to see an orthopedic doctor

While many people know that they should see an orthopedic doctor when they are suffering from orthopedic problems, most of them don’t know the right time that they should see the professional. The right time to see a professional include when you are having:

  • Difficulty straightening your spine
  • Swelling or bruising around a given joint in your body
  • Prolonged discomfort in the muscles, tendons, and joints
  • Musculoskeletal deformity

The earlier you visit your doctor, the better, as the doctor will have an easy time diagnosing and treating the condition. The doctor can treat the condition in different ways depending on the problem you are suffering from. If the condition is minor, the doctor may recommend painkillers. The doctor may also recommend that you undertake therapy. If your condition is at advanced stages the orthopedic surgeons may recommend that you undergo surgery. When hiring a surgeon, ensure that you work with a certified and experienced professional.

Understanding Shoulder Surgery

shoulder surgery

Shoulder surgery is one of the most common procedures that orthopedic surgeons come across. It’s recommended that you undertake the procedure when you have tried all of the other shoulder treatment options without success. There are many types of shoulder surgeries that you can undertake depending on the condition you are suffering from. The most common surgeries are:

Rotator cuff surgery

It’s probably the most common surgery that you will come across. From its name, you undergo this procedure after you have torn your rotator cuff. Depending on how severe the tear is, your doctor may recommend that you undertake any of these procedures:

Open repair: It’s recommended that you undertake this procedure when you have torn large muscles. It’s also recommended that you go for the options if you have fully detached your shoulder muscle. During the procedure, the orthopedic doctors remove the bone spurs and undertake additional reconstruction.

All-arthroscopic repair: This is a less invasive procedure that involves the surgeon inserting a small camera into your shoulder and making small incisions. Since it’s less invasive, it can be done on an outpatient basis.

Mini-open repair: Here the surgeon uses a 3-5 centimeter incision with the guidance of an arthroscope and removes bone spurs. After the procedure, the surgeon repairs the cuff via an incision while viewing sutures directly without the help of the camera.

Arthroscopic subscapularis repair

This procedure is usually recommended when you are suffering from rotator cuff tears that bring about pain on the front and sides of the upper shoulder and arm. The orthopedic doctor undertakes the procedure in order to remove the loose, frayed or damaged tissues from the healthy tissue. The doctor also removes the cuff edge to a normal position without putting in a lot of tension or pressure. Once the procedure is over, the doctor fixes the cuff using suture anchors which are often attached to the bone.

When you undertake the procedure, it will take you up to five months for you to recover. You should note that you have to undertake physical therapy in order to regain movement and power.

Total shoulder replacement

Total shoulder replacement is recommended when all the other shoulder treatment options have failed. There are a number of replacement procedures that you can undertake. The most common being: resurfacing hemiarthroplasty, stemmed hemiarthroplasty, and reverse total shoulder replacement.


Surgery is often recommended as the last resort. To avoid complications, you should visit your local orthopedic doctors as soon as you notice a problem.