Just like any other part of the body, the bone is prone to cancer. According to orthopedic doctors, there are two main types of bone tumors that you can suffer from: malignant and benign. While benign tumors aren’t cancerous and don’t spread to other parts of the body, they can be fatal if left untreated. The risk comes in when they outgrow and compress the healthy bone tissues. Malignant tumors, on the other hand, are likely to spread to the other parts of the body thus putting you at the risk of developing cancer to the other body parts.
There are many types of these tumors with the most common being:
Osteochondromas: According to the American Academy of orthopedic surgeons, they are the most common types of malignant tumors you will come across. They account for 35-40% of all benign cases and are often found in teenagers and adolescents.
The tumors are active in actively growing ends of long bones such as arm and leg bones. In most cases, they affect the femur, humerus, and tibia. You can suffer from a single osteochondroma or several of them.
Enchondroma: An enchondroma is a cartilage cyst that grows inside the bone marrow. The condition begins in children, but it persists when you become an adult. Enchondromas often occur in hands and feet, but it’s not rare to find them in long bones of the arm and thigh.
Aneurysmal bone cyst: This is an abnormality of the blood vessels that begins in the bone marrow. It grows rapidly where it causes damage to the growth plates.
Malignant bone tumors
As mentioned, malignant tumors are those that spread to the other parts of the body putting you at the risk of developing cancer in the other parts of your body. The different types of malignant tumors include:
Osteosarcoma: Also known as estrogenic Sarcoma, Osteosarcoma is common in children and adolescents where it occurs in the hip, knee, and shoulder. The tumor grows rapidly and spreads fast to the other parts of the body.
Multiple myelomas: This one is common in adults where it often affects the bone marrow.
These are some of the most common types of bone cancers that you need to know about. If you suspect you might be suffering from any of the conditions, you should visit your local orthopedic doctors for diagnosis and treatment. Some of the treatment options you have include: therapy and surgery.